These are essentially variable rate fixed pensions, which are added to your contract value when an underlying market index, such as the S-P 500, is positive. They generally offer a guaranteed minimum income benefit and the possibility that the main upstream amount is linked to a market-based index. One of the drawbacks is that the upside potential is limited by what is called a turnout, caps or spread, all methods that limit your return to the upside of the stock market. As a result, buyers of these annuities never keep pace with a robust market. They appeal to pensioners and pre-retirees who want to participate conservatively in a possible appreciation of the market without making noise and with a protection of principle downwards. Similarly, we can prove the formula of future value. The payment made at the end of last year would not accumulate interest and the payment made at the end of the first year would accrue interest for a total of one year. Therefore, a current value table for a pension payable shows the projected interest rate above the top of the table and the number of periods in the left column. The cell cutting between the corresponding interest rate and the number of periods represents the cash multiplier. The search for the product between an annuity payable and the current value multiplier gives the present value of the cash flow. This can also be considered as the current value of the remaining payments As an annuityIn a pension due, payments are made immediately or at the beginning of a covered term and not at the end. A rental agreement, for example, is a common example of a pension due. When a lease or lease is made, it usually covers the months following the payment date.

Insurance premiums are another example of pension due, as payments are made at the beginning of a coverage period that continues until the end of that period. During this tutorial, I guess the rents are done every month (12 times a year). The formulas presented here may apply to any other payment frequency. Just make sure that N is the number of periods and i the interest rate per period. So we`ll just subtract the number of down payments from the rental amount (because they`re both in period 0) and we`re reducing the number of payments from N to N- A. A regular pension is a series of identical payments that are made at the end of successive periods over a specified period. While payments can be as frequent as they are every week as part of a regular pension, they are usually made monthly, quarterly, semi-annual or annual. The opposite of a regular pension is a pension due at which payments are made at the beginning of each period. These two sets of payments are not identical to the financial product known as annuity, although they are linked to each other.

At first glance, it seems that you need to know the monthly amount of the payment before you can calculate the down payment. But the presence of the down payment changes the amount of the monthly payment.