The fact that an agreement does not contain the EU designation clause (which allows all EU air carriers established on the territory of the EU concerned to apply for available traffic rights) would run counter to the objectives of this common policy. In breach of the principle of freedom of establishment set out in Article 49 (TFEU), such an agreement would continue to constitute discrimination on grounds of nationality between EU companies. These agreements will ensure the continuity of agreements with the United States, Canada, Brazil and Japan when the United Kingdom leaves the European Union. Work procedures are a type of agreement with a foreign CAA with which the FAA has not entered into a bilateral agreement. They are used to define the methods used by the FAA`s Aircraft Certification Service to assist another state in authorizing aeronautical products and articles exported from the United States to that state. Bilateral air services agreements were subsequently extended to multilateral air services agreements. “A multilateral air services agreement is the same as a bilateral air services agreement, the only difference being that it has more than two contracting states” (Wikipedia)4. These agreements then resulted in another form of agreement, known as the open skies agreement. Bilateral airworthiness agreements are executive agreements concluded prior to 1996 through an exchange of diplomatic notes between the U.S. Department of State and its foreign counterpart based on FAA technical recommendations. (Note: The United States no longer enters into bilateral airworthiness agreements.) Commission decision on the approval of standard clauses for inclusion in bilateral air services agreements between Member States and third countries, jointly defined by the Commission and the Member States Information note: EU external aviation policy: why does the EU want to amend air services agreements between its Member States and partner countries? An air services agreement (sometimes called an air services agreement, ATA or ASA) is a bilateral agreement that allows international commercial air services between signatories.

Bilateral agreements and arrangements allow for joint airworthiness certification of civil air products between two countries. At a press conference in January 2017, the Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Administration announced that Nigeria had concluded bilateral agreements in December 2016 with 90 countries regarding air services. . . .