What`s new? On 23 October, negotiators from the belligerents in Libya signed a ceasefire agreement in Geneva. However, the text lacks specificity, which allows the parties to withdraw from their obligations. Divisions over the years have caused several protracted conflicts, even after agreements were reached on paper. Meetings of the military committee in the southwestern city of Ghadames have concluded and “agreed on concrete steps to implement the lasting ceasefire agreement,” said a statement from the UN Support Mission for Libya (UNSMIL). Rival parties in Libya on Friday announced a historic ceasefire followed by five days of the Libyan Joint Military Commission`s (JMC) 5+5 talks in Geneva, ending the possibility of ending the protruding conflict. The potential for backtracking is considerable and some are already appearing. The day after the deal, the Tripoli-based defense minister said the deal did not cover all of its military cooperation and training agreements with Turkey, on the grounds that the GNA was Libya`s legitimate government bound by an agreement with another legitimate ankara government. [fn] On October 25, 27, 2020, Defense Minister Salahedin Al Namroush wrote on his Twitter account (@Namroush): “We reaffirm the strengthening of cooperation with the Turkish ally and the continuation of training programs received and received by member organizations in the training institutes of the Ministry of Defense of the Government of National Unity and the signing of the initial agreement (5 + 5) does not include the military cooperation agreement with the Turkish state, ally of the legitimate government.” On 27 November 2019, Prime Minister Faiez Serraj and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on security cooperation, which the Turkish Parliament subsequently ratified. This memorandum paved the way for a Turkish military intervention in Libya, approved by Ankara lawmakers on January 2, 2020.

Foreign politicians and officials in Tripoli claim that Serraj agreed to freeze turkey`s training program privately and that he was aware that the ceasefire agreement implied the suspension of the military cooperation agreement with Ankara, but until the end of October, he had not yet intervened publicly in the matter. Crisis Group telephone interviews, Tripoli politicians, 23-27 October 2020. For Turkey`s intervention in Libya, see Crisis Group Europe Report No. 257, Turkey Watet in The Rough Libyan Waters, April 30, 2020. Turkish authorities repeated this position, while the Tripoli government`s military operations room, Volcano of Anger, released a video of its recruits in command training in Turkey. [fn] View burkan al-Ghadab Media Center`s tweet, @BurkanLY, 1:57 p.m., October 24, 2020. . . .